About the Event
Scope Of The Conference
The field of materials is immense and diverse. Historically, it began with the emergence of man himself. Materials by themselves do nothing; yet without materials, man can do nothing. Nature itself is a self-ordered structure, which is developed through time by the utilization of the same properties of atomic hierarchy that man presides over in his simple constructions.
One of the trademark of modern industrialized society is our ever increasing demand of materials. We use more materials than ever before. Indeed, assuming current trends in world production and population growth, it has been postulated that, the materials requirement for the next decade and a half could equal to all the materials used throughout history till date. This expanding use of materials is itself revolutionary, and forms an integral part of the material revolution of new ages.
Not only we are consuming materials more rapidly, but also we are using an increasing diversity of materials. A large number of new range of materials has opened up for the modern generation. Some of the materials are more functional, some are cheaper; others have combinations of properties that enable entirely new devices to be made or quite new effects to be observed. In manufacturing, we now employ a majority of the elements of the periodic table which are found in nature, whereas until a century ago, a very few of them were known at all, were curiosities of the chemistry laboratory only. Not only are more of nature’s elements being put into service, but completely new materials are being synthesized for the development of mankind. A high level of materials civilization rests on this expanded, almost extravagant utilization of a rich diversity of advanced functional materials.
The expanded demand for materials is not confined to electronic and nuclear devices or to sophisticated space ships. In kitchens we are having new heat-shock-proof glasses and ceramics and long-life electric elements to heat them; the motors in electric appliances have so-called oilless bearings; the pocket camera uses new compositions of coated optical glass; office copy-machines depend on photoconductors; toy soldiers are formed out of plastics, not lead; boats are molded out of fiberglass; we sleep on synthetic foam mattresses and polyfiber pillows, instead of cotton and wool stuffing and feathers; Many objects of everyday life have been transformed and in most cases, improved by the application of materials science and engineering.
This absurdity is both a product of advances in materials and a challenge in its future growth. The enlarged consumption of materials implies that man have to cope increasingly with natural-resource and supply problems. We are forced, therefore, to enlarge its resource base by finding ways for more efficient use of existing raw materials, to convert previously unusable substances to useful materials, to recycle waste materials and make them reusable, and to produce wholly new materials out of substances, which are available in abundance.
So, there have been enhanced challenges for the material scientists and engineers as well. These challenges needs a co-operative, interdisciplinary outlook towards the issues with much faster approach. Materials science is an interdisciplinary field concerned with the understanding and application of the properties of matter, a combined effort from diverge specialities with much broader perspectives is a much need of the hour.
The National Conference on Progresses in Material Science Research have been organised to provide the material science workers a common platform to share their ideas in the development of materials as well as the related issues. To make the conference purely interdisciplinary, effort have been made to incorporate all the major branches of Science and Engineering. The conference will be focussing on the following major areas with a truly interdisciplinary approach.
- Optical, Magnetic and Bio-materials
- Thin Films
- Material Engineering
- Computational Material Science
- Smart Materials and
- Plasma Processing of Materials